8. Medical Abbreviations

Are there any medical abbreviations that you wish you knew going into your clerkships? A list of the most common/most confusing ones.

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8. Medical Abbreviations

Are there any medical abbreviations that you wish you knew going into your clerkships? A list of the most common/most confusing ones.

healthcare, learning, higher education

Non-Comprehensive List of Medical Abbreviations


2/2 = secondary to

A&P = Assessment and Plan

A&P = Anterior and Posterior colporrhaphy

AAA = Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

AB = ABortion

Ab = Antibody

ABG = Arterial Blood Gas

ABI = Ankle Brachial Index

ABLA = Acute Blood Loss Anemia

ABPA = Allergic BronchoPulmonary Aspergillosis

Abx = Antibiotics

AC = Anti-Coagulation

AC = Assist Control (ventilator mode)

AC = before meals

ACS = Acute Coronary Syndrome

ACEI = Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor

Afib = Atrial fibrillation

AFL = Atrial FLutter

AFVSS = AFebrile, Vital Signs Stable

AHRF = Acute Hypoxic Respiratory Failure

AI = Adrenal Insufficiency

AI = Aortic Insufficiency

AICD = Automated Implantable Cardiac Defibrillator

AIDP = Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy

AIH = Auto-Immune Hepatitis

AIHA = Auto-Immune Hemolytic Anemia

AIN = Acute Interstitial Nephritis

AKA = Above Knee Amputation

AKI = Acute Kidney Injury

ALF = Acute Liver Failure

ALF = Assisted Living Facility

ALS = Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

AMA = Against Medical Advice

AMS = Altered Mental Status

APAP = Acetaminophen

APAP = Automatic Positive Airway Pressure

APLS = Anti-PhosphoLipid Syndrome

AR = Aortic Regurgitation

ARB = Angiotensin-Receptor Blocker

ARDS = Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

ARF = Acute Renal Failure

ARNI = Angiotensin-Receptor Neprilysin Inhibitor

AROM = Active Range of Motion

ART = AntiRetroviral Therapy

ARU = Acute Rehabilitation Unit

AS = Aortic Stenosis

ASA = Aspirin

ASCUS = Atypical Cells of Undetermined Significance

ASP = Antimicrobial Stewardship Program

ATN = Acute Tubular Necrosis

AVM = ArterioVenous Malformation

AVNRT = AtrioVentricular Node Reentry Tachycardia

AVR = Aortic Valve Repair

AVRT = AtrioVentricular Reentry Tachycardia

AVS = Acute Vestibular Syndrome

AVSS = Afebrile, Vital Signs Stable

B&C = Board & Care

BG = Blood Glucose

BIB = Brought In By

BID = twice per day ≠ q12h

BiV = BiVentricular

BKA = Below Knee Amputation

BLE = Bilateral Lower Extremity

BMI = Body Mass Index

BMS = Bare Metal Stent

BMT = Bone Marrow Transplant

BPAP = Bi-level Positive Airway Pressure

BPH = Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

BRBPR = Bright Red Blood Per Rectum

BRTO = Balloon-occluded Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration

BSO = Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy

BTL = Bilateral Tubal Ligation

BUE = Bilateral Upper Extremity

bx = biopsy

C̅ = with

c/b = complicated by

c/f = concerning for

c/o = complaining of

c/w = consistent with

CABG = Coronary Artery Bypass Graft

CAC score = Coronary Artery Calcium score

CAD = Coronary Artery Disease

CAP = Community-Acquired Pneumonia

CCE = Cyanosis, Clubbing, Edema

CD = Cesarean Delivery

CEA = Carotid EndArterectomy

CHF = Congestive Heart Failure

CI = Cardiac Index

CIDP = Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy

CIN = Contrast-Induced Nephrotoxicity

CIN = Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia

CKD = Chronic Kidney Disease

CLD = Clear Liquid Diet

CMY = Cardiomyopathy

CNH = Community Nursing Home = SNF

CNS = Central Nervous System

CO = Cardiac Output

CONS = COagulase-Negative Staphylococcus

COPD = Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

CP = Chest Pain

CPAP = Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

CPM = Central Pontine Myelinolysis

CRC = ColoRectal Cancer

CRE = Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacterales

CRO = Ceftriaxone

CRRT = Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

CRS = CardioRenal Syndrome

CRT-D = Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Defibrillator

CRT-P = Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Pacemaker

CSF = CerebroSpinal Fluid

CT = Computerized Tomography

CTEPH = Chronic ThromboEmbolic Pulmonary Hypertension

CTI = CavoTricuspid Isthmus

ctm = continue to monitor (avoid using this entirely in notes as it does not add value)

CVA = CerebroVascular Accident (use “Stroke” instead)

CVAT = CostoVertebral Angle Tenderness

CVP = Central Venous Pressure

CXR = Chest X-Ray

d/c = discontinue

d/c = discharge

d/t = due to

D&C = Dilation and Curettage

DCCV = Direct Current CardioVersion

DDD = Degenerative Disc Disease

DDRT = Deceased Donor Renal Transplant

Ddx = Differential diagnosis

DES = Drug-Eluting Stent

DILI = Drug-Induced Liver Injury

DKA = Diabetic KetoAcidosis

DM = Diabetes Mellitus

DMARD = Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs

DNAR = Do Not Attempt Resuscitation

DNI = Do Not Intubate

DNR = Do Not Resuscitate

DOAC = Direct Oral AntiCoagulation (prefer this over “NOAC”)

DOE = Dyspnea On Exertion

DOT = Directly Observed Therapy (tends to be used to describe certain treatment courses for TB)

DWA = Discussed With Attending

DVT = Deep Vein Thrombosis

Dx = Diagnosis

e/o = evidence of

EBL = Estimated Blood Loss

EBUS = EndoBronchial UltraSound

ECC = EndoCervical Curettage

ECMO = ExtraCorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

EDD = Estimated Date of Delivery

EEG = ElectroEncephaloGram

EF = Ejection Fraction (usually implies Left Ventricle)

EFW = Estimated Fetal Weight

EGA = Estimated Gestational Age

EGD = EsophagoGastroDuodenoscopy

EKG = ECG = ElectroCardioGram

EMG = ElectroMyoGraphy

EMS = Emergency Medical Services (EMTs or Paramedics)

EOE = EOsinophilic Esophagitis

EOMI = ExtraOcular Movements Intact

EPAP = Expiratory Positive Airway Pressure

ERCP = Endoscopic Retrograde CholangioPancreatography

ESBL = Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase

ESRD = End-Stage Renal Disease

EtOH = Alcohol

EUA = Examination Under Anesthesia

EUS = Endoscopic UltraSound

EV = Esophageal Varices

EVALI = E-cigarette or Vaping Use-Associated Lung Injury

Ex lap = Exploratory laparoscopy

Ex lap = Exploratory laparotomy

f/u = follow-up

FEES = Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing

FFP = Fresh Frozen Plasma

FFR = Fractional Flow Reserve

FFWU = Full Fever Work-Up

FGR = Fetal Growth Restriction

FHR = Fetal Heart Rate

FM = Face Mask

FNA = Fine Needle Aspiration

FOOSH = Fall On OutStretched Hand

FPG = Fasting Plasma Glucose

Fx = Fracture

G#P#A# = Gravida # Parita # Abortus # (Gravida = # of pregnancies, Parita = # of births of viable offspring, Abortus = # of abortions)

GAD = Generalized Anxiety Disorder

GAVE = Gastric Antral Vascular Ectasia

GBS = Guillain-Barré Syndrome

GBS = Group B Strep

GDMT = Goal-Directed Medical Therapy (used in sepsis)

GDMT = Guideline-Directed Medical Therapy (used in heart failure)

GE = Gastric Varices

GERD = GastroEsophageal Reflux Disease

GH = Gestational Hypertension

GIB = GastroIntestinal Bleed

GJ tube = Gastrostomy-Jejunostomy tube

GSW = GunShot Wound

gtt = drop

GvHD = Graft-versus-Host Disease

H/A = HeadAche

h/o = history of

HAART = Highly Active AntiRetroviral Therapy (don’t use this anymore, just use ART)

HAP = Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

HCAP = HealthCare-Associated Pneumonia (this term should no longer be used)

HD = HemoDialysis

HE = Hepatic Encephalopathy

HFimpEF = Heart Failure with Improved Ejection Fraction

HFmrEF = Heart Failure with Moderately Reduced Ejection Fraction

HFpEF = Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction

HFrEF = Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction

HHS = Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Syndrome

HIDA = Hepatobiliary IminoDiacetic Acid

HL = Hodgkin Lymphoma

HLD = HyperLipiDemia

HOCM = Hypertrophic Obstructive CardioMyopathy

HPS = HepatoPulmonary Syndrome

HRCT = High-Resolution Computerized Tomography

HRS = HepatoRenal Syndrome

HRT = Hormone Replacement Therapy

HSM = HepatoSplenoMegaly

HTN = Hypertension

hypoTN = hypotension

I&D = Incision & Drainage

IABP = Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump

IBD = Inflammatory Bowel Disease

ICD = Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator

ICH = IntraCranial Hemorrhage

iCMY = ischemic Cardiomyopathy

ICP = IntraCranial Pressure

IDA = Iron-Deficiency Anemia

IDDM = Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

IE = Infective Endocarditis

ILD = Interstitial Lung Disease

IM = intramuscular

IOP = IntraOcular pressure

IPAP = Inspiratory Positive Airway Pressure

IPF = Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

IRIS = Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome

iso = in setting of

ISS = Insulin Sliding Scale

ITP = Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

IUD = IntraUterine Device

IUFD = IntraUterine Fetal Death

IUGR = IntraUterine Growth Restriction

IUP = IntraUterine Pregnancy

IV = IntraVenous

IVC = Inferior Vena Cava

IVF = In Vitro Fertilization

IVF = IntraVenous Fluid

IVP = IntraVenous Push

IVPB = IntraVenous PiggyBack

JVD = Jugular Venous Distension

JVP = Jugular Venous Pressure

L&D = Labor & Delivery

LAD = LymphADenopathy

LAFB = Left Anterior Fascicular Block

Lap appy = Laparoscopic Appendectomy

Lap chole = Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

LAVH = Laparoscopic-Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy

LBBB = Left Bundle Branch Block

LBP = Lower Back Pain

LEEP = Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure

LES = Lower Esophageal Sphincter

LFT = Liver Function Test (avoid using this term - use “hepatic enzymes” instead)

LGA = Large for Gestational Age

LGIB = Low GastroIntestinal Bleed

LHC = Left Heart Catheterization

LMP = Last Menstrual Period

LMWH = Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin

LN = Lymph Node

LOC = Loss of Consciousness

LP = Lumbar Puncture

LPFB = Left Posterior Fascicular Block

LRTI = Lower Respiratory Tract Infection

LUTS = Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

LVAD = Left Ventricular Assist Device

LVEDP = Left Ventricular End-Diastolic Pressure

LVEF = Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction

LVH = Left Ventricular Hypertrophy

LVOT = Left Ventricular Outflow Tract

m/r/g = murmurs, rubs, gallops

MAC = Monitored Anesthesia Care

MAC = Mycobacterium Avium Complex

MBSS = Modified Barium Swallow Study

MDD = Major Depressive Disorder

MDM = Medical Decision Making

MDR = Multi-Drug Resistant

MDRO = Multi-Drug Resistant Organism

Medi-Medi = Medicare + Medicaid

MET = Metabolic Equivalent of Task


8. Medical Abbreviations
Tags Healthcare, Learning, Higher education
Type Google Doc
Published 24/04/2024, 16:06:32


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