University Sexual Violence Prevention Policy Evidence

University Sexual Violence Prevention Policy Evidence

sexual violence
sexual harassment
research doc
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University Sexual Violence Prevention Policy Evidence

University Sexual Violence Prevention Policy Evidence

sexual violence, sexual harassment, prevention, research doc



WHEREAS “[s]tudent [sexual harassment] survivors rarely filed official reports but often faced a variety of mental and physical health consequences” [1],

WHEREAS “victims of sexual harassment had significantly worse perceptions of institutional support than did perpetrators of sexual harassment” [2],

WHEREAS “culture change at the [school] level often begins with public declarations of zero tolerance for harassment” and “these types of statements likely will contribute to continued reductions in instances of harassment” [3],

WHEREAS “the rates of sexual assault in general are alarming” [and] “students who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, asexual, or pansexual [...] are even more likely to experience sexual assault” [4],

WHEREAS “women working in environments where men outnumber women, leadership is male-dominated, and/or jobs or occupations are considered atypical for women, experience more frequent incidents of sexual harassment” [5],

WHEREAS “graduate students’ dependence on faculty for financial support, letters of recommendation during and after graduate school, and other forms of access to networking necessary for career growth may amplify the risk of abuse by faculty” [6],

WHEREAS “[sexual violence] and bystander education for college men may benefit from including an explicit focus on decreasing negative norms related to women and through increasing college men’s knowledge of consent and intentions to intervene” [7],

WHEREAS “incorporating student voice into decision-making and evaluation processes within institutions of secondary education [...] has led to significant improvements in school climate and academic quality, including revised curriculum and evaluation processes and increased student agency and belonging” [8] [9] [10] [11],

WHEREAS "[i]ntegration of participant and expert views, community consultation, and appropriate socio-cultural adaption appear to be critical determinants of [sexual violence prevention] program acceptability and feasibility" [12],

WHEREAS “survivors did not use campus supports because they (a) experienced negative emotions (e.g., self-blame), (b) anticipated personal consequences (e.g., they will disrupt their friend group), (c) interpreted contextual characteristics of the assault (e.g., off-campus, alcohol-involved), (d) minimized the outcomes (e.g., no “severe” psychological damage), and (e) minimized the assaultive behavior(s)” [13],

THEREFORE changes to the University sexual violence policy should reflect the need of victims for institutional support and the general need for a complex gender-based violence education.

University Sexual Violence Prevention Policy Evidence
Tags Sexual violence, Sexual harassment, Prevention, Research doc
Type Google Doc
Published 14/05/2022, 15:49:09